Picture from the book by Agata Tuszynska "Accused Wiera Gran"("Oskarzona Wiera Gran" - Wydawnictwo Literackie Krakow/Polska 2010)

"Help! Szpilman - "The pianist" was his father -, with Roman Polanski, formed a gang for the murder of me"

"11. Jews dreamed of their own Mata Hari"



Declaration of the son of Wladyslaw Szpilman

Libel of my father and his body of work

Now, 65 years after the war, a book by Agata Tuszynska "The Accused - Wiera Gran" is being published in Poland by "Wydawnictwo Literackie".
This book attempts exonorate a Polish-Jewish singer - Wiera Gran - who immediately after the war was suspected and charged of collaborating with the Gestapo.
During the war, she worked in various cafes in the Warsaw Ghetto, and reached a high level of recognition. Later, she was one of the artists in the Cafe "Sztuka", where Szpilman was playing. Occasionally he accompanied in a duet with a 2nd Pianist A. Goldfeder also Wiera Gran.
Later in mid-1942 Gran left the Warsaw Ghetto.
Numerous documents of the Home Army (Armia Krajowa) counterintelligence agents prove her assignment and particularly working for the occupiers in a so-called "Action Hotel Polski".
Under this devised plan, many Jews were lured from their hiding places in Warsaw and promised that by paying large amounts of money, they would be equipped with false South American passports, could travel to Vittel and later could emigrate to Palestine. But only a very few reached Palestine, (eg, Ruth Adler) Most were shipped from Vittel to the death camps and murdered. Amongst the victims of "Action Hotel Polski" was for example Itzhak Katzenelson, the famous Jewish poet.
Marek Edelman (Kommendant of the Ghetto Uprising in Warsaw) said on 5.5.1945 (before the end of the war) that he knew of the collaboration of Wiera Gran with the Gestapo. He knew also that a death sentence was imposed against her by the Home Army (Armia Krajowa), but Gran was not found, and therefore it did not come to an enforcement.

Recently I was given a declaration by Irena Sendler.

Note: Irena Sendler: Righteous Among the Nations - has saved 2,500 children from the Warsaw ghetto before death, was working for AK "Zegota" Home Army (Armia Krajowa) division to rescue the Jews.



Irena Sendler wrote in April 1983 to the Jewish Historical Institute:
--------------------------------------------
Warsaw, April 1983
Prof. Dr. Horn Maurycy
Director of the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw
Signed: 17.06.83 A.051/488/80
In a chapter on "Years of occupation" in the book "Polish Jews - History and Culture" written by Dr.hab.Doc. Marian Fuchs, I was baffled by the actor's name Wiera Gran.
In the same chapter, the newspaper “Zagiew "was given as one that was published by the assimilated in the ghetto.
One has committed two very serious errors that prove that the author has not subjected himself to in-depth research and neither got to the source information.

As a historian, he would be obliged to know well about the realities of life in the Warsaw ghetto.

According to the existing and later mentioned documents:

1 / The newspaper “Zagiew "was published by a group of Gestapo collaborators. In a tricky way and to fool their countrymen, it has the same name as the group of students among the assimilated youth (of course, before 1939) was adopted. The information I had from Adolf Berman of "Poalej Sjon" with which I had daily contacts on the occasion of my underground work.

2 / Vera Gran - was a cabaret actress in the ghetto. She also appeared on the so-called "Aryan" side in "Cafe Mocha" in the Marszalkowska street, and worked with Leon Skosowski, Adam Zurawin, Koenig, Wlodarski, Mark Rozenberg and Franciszaka Manowna for the Gestapo. Adam Zurawin Skosowski and Leon were sentenced to death in 1943 by the Polish and Jewish underground movement. Skosowskis sentence was carried out in Warsaw by the members of underground organizations. Zurawin escaped. After the shooting of Skosowski, Wiera Gran hid in Babice (Boernerowo) under the name - Jezierska.
In 1949 a Jewish actor Jonas Turkow (brother of actor Zygmunt Turkow, the husband of Ida Kaminska) -he was also in the Warsaw ghetto-, , wrote the book "In the struggle for life" in Buenos Aires Argentina, (in the Archives of the Jewish Historical Institute) and in 1969 a second book, "Jewish Warsaw was once ..." In these two books Wiera Gran is known as a Gestapo collaborator. In 1971, Wiera Gran sued Mr. Jonas Turkow in Israel for libel. The case was before several courts for years. It demanded more and more evidence of the guilt of Wiera Gran.
In 1976, Mr. Jonas Turkow turned to me (I knew him from the ghetto as a valued actor and decent person), asking for the necessary evidence to support his accusations against Gran from the Warsaw archives. His efforts by correspondence had led to no result.

I am an old, sick person, very limited in my movement, and therefore asked a journalist, JE Wilczur (Jacek Wilczur - Demjaniuk hunter), the well-known author of many books on Nazi occupation and a member of the Commission for the Prosecution of Nazi Crimes in Poland.
Mr. Ed J.E. Wilczur was able to gather access to many unique and invaluable documents regarding Wiera Gran, who were clearly in support of her Gestapo relation. For this reason, he also wrote an article for "Prawo i Zycie" on 27/03/1977. No. 13/650.
I sent A copy of this newspaper, corresponding Xerox copies, certified by the appropriate institutions, as well as the book by Prof. Mark, published in 1959 by MON, to Turkow.

Turkow won the case (Tel Aviv 1982). Wiera Gran lost, despite the high profile lawyers. (She was living in Paris) She was denied entry to Israel.
Editor Jacek E. Wilczur's article "The criminal accuses" was based on the following documents:

0. Reporting of Counterintelligence of the AK (Home Army (Armia Krajowa)) - a group of documents II Dept. of High Command - Archive CC, file number 203 (III 129, p. 14 and 17).
0. Message of the Home Army (Armia Krajowa) Intelligence Service No. 534 of 15 September 1943 report: "Waclaw" based on the report of "Jurek" - Reference Department of the exile government (in exile) Central Committee III of the Provincial Archives, Warsaw.
0. Book by Mark Bernard ("fighting and destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto, Warsaw 1959, edition II, Defense, p. 206-214. The author of this work, a history professor, was the director of the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw.)
0. Archives of the Military Historical Institute in Warsaw, AK Kedyw Group 146 signatories. III (29) 7
0. Archive GKBZHwP group BD, 379, Volume I, K, 196
0. Documents of the delegation of the Government of Poland (London) on the Central Committee archives of the Country, the signature 202 (XV, Part 2, p. 344-345 Ref 203 (III), Vol 127, K 19) (Very important documents about the activities of the group and Vera Adam Zurawin Gran!)
0. Documents of the government in exile (Delegation of the country) - of the Central Committee Archives. Delegation of the Polish government in exile 202/XV Dept. of the Interior, Special Report main Inspect., Vol 2 II 202 {) t. 36, K 38 (s 344-345.)
0. Anti communist Committee, the signature 228 (6), K. 33rd_ _ and others.
Of all these details in connection with the court case against Turkow Doz Fuks did not know, what Fuks would have needed to know is what Prof. Mark, director of the Jewish Historical Institute has written in the above book, referring to source documents. These clearly show that Wiera Gran was in the service of the Gestapo. In addition, Professor Fuks, as the ghetto-time researcher should have known of the criminal activities of Wiera Gran.
Is bad enough that a wonderful volume book "Polish Jews - History and Culture", which is about the culture of these people, includes such terrible mistakes.
To me, from my youth, leftist, activist, and thus at heart close to the national minorities in Poland, it hurts to read the name Wiera Gran is in this book - a criminal, a saleswoman of her countrymen.

/ - / Irena Sendler (legible signature)

Awarded the Medal of the Righteous Among the Nations of the World in 1965. Head of the Department of Child Protection in the" Zegota ".



This information and the underground army (AK) reports were not known to the courts in 1946-47, when deliberating over Wiera Gran's guilt.., It is proven that her husband, Kazimierz Jezierski at the time was employed by the Polish Ministry of State Security. The atmosphere after the Kielce Krakow and anti-Jewish pogroms, favored the termination of the proceedings against Wiera Gran.
The court case in Poland was stopped because of lack of evidence.
Thereafter Wiera Gran had done numerous performances and recordings for the Polish Radio as a singer. Wladyslaw Szpilman was then employed as chief of the music department of the Polish Radio (from 1945 to 1963)
Wiera Gran emigrated to Israel in 1950, where she also was exposed as a Gestapo agent by Jonas Turkow and Adolf Berman. She left shortly Israel and went to different locations, ending up in Paris.

There she was occasionally active at the Alhambra (Maurice Chevalier).
In 1965 she visited Warsaw and made, amongst others, a radio recording of a work of Wladyslaw Szpilman, which he produced himself for Polish Radio.



In 1980 Wiera Gran self-published a book "Baton of the Detractors," which was intended as a revenge and had been rejected because of the slander contained by numerous publishers.
This book was never perceived as serious by historians.
Wladyslaw Szpilman was the only one , known to wider public in Poland and abroad, whose fate had formerly crossed paths with those of Wiera Gran.
For this reason, Wladyslaw Szpilman was honored with a "loss leader role," insinuations, easily identifiable however, without mentioning his name.
Thus eluding legal charges. Wladyslaw Szpilman eventually provided a statement to this book and asked for the appropriate investigation at the Warsaw Jewish Historical Institute to be launched (on 12.01.1981). This request was however unsuccessful, as the authorities were more concerned with the Solidarity movement and a state of emergency at that time.

List of the jewish policeman in the Warsw Getto (Excerpts)


But now there is a new book published on the subject.
The author is Agata Tuszynska.
Tuszynska, as she claimes - had only recently been informed of her Jewish roots. Through her late husbands (Mr. Dasko) friends, some of which are important key figures of the Polish media - and the newspaper landscape she developed a powerful media promotion based on libel and slander against Wladyslaw Szpilman. It is admitted even in the book, that Wiera Gran "if health permits, will still do away with Roman Polanski." Envy for the "Beatification" of Wladyslaw Szpilman through the film by Roman Polanski has led to criminal utterances. The book attempts to rehabilitate Wiera Gran. To downplay the importance of the Home Army (Armia Krajowa) reports and to discredit the statements by Marek Edelman.
In order to sell it at all (who otherwise knows Wiera Gran) and in order not to be exposed to the charge of anti-Semitism, Tuszynska turns to the "oppressed" and "pitiable" Jewish singer. Quotes and statements - lies and slander against Wiera Gran's target - Wladyslaw Szpilman, produce an enormous image of a bad lie the world-known hero in the film "The Pianist". This sold well in Poland. It takes several weeks for a court order that can prohibit the sale of this book.
For readers in Poland, based on false information about Wladyslaw Szpilman, the old and absurd impression that “the Jews themselves were to blame for their misfortune”, is perpetrated !

The outrageous promotional campaign by the literary publishing house in Krakow, "pulls" readers, with the statement: "a different side of the story of Wladyslaw Szpilman".

It is outrageous that Wladyslaw Szpilman in this book is called "Gestapo-man" and also other lies are told, such as that he was involved as a Jewish policeman in a resettlement action.

These claims are taken up by the press in Poland for promotional purposes. None of these newspapers that advertise the book sought an opinion from the widow - Dr. Halina Szpilman, who everybody knows, lives in Warsaw.

Wladyslaw Szpilman was a victim of the Second World War and the extermination of the Jews, which is already publicly known for about 70 years. I have combed through all the archives in Warsaw and found no evidence that would confirm these lies.

Wladyslaw Szpilman has never worked for the Jewish police in the ghetto. Also, he has never collaborated with the Gestapo. One has to understand that Wladyslaw Szpilman published his book already in 1946. He lived in Poland, composed well-known songs, performed as a pianist, was well known in Poland and abroad (through hundreds of his concerts) and would have been immediately exposed as a liar. Particularly after the worldwide success of the film by Roman Polanski, we would have learned of any such doubts.
Prof. Bartoszewski (Zegota, honorary citizen of Israel, former Polish Foreign Minister), Marian Turski (Association of Jews in Poland, Auschwitz Committee), Marcel Reich-Ranicki (literary critic and writer, former Prisoner of the Warsaw ghetto), etc. call mendacious allegations and insinuations that Szpilman was involved in crimes against humanity as baseless, shameful and scandalous.
I don't want to volunteer any opinion on the behavior of Mrs. Tuszynska, as this would not be appropriate when judicial proceedings have already been initiated in Poland (Biernat & Lach, lawyers._
More significant here is the willingness with which these slanderous lies are distributed through the media in Poland.
One can only be glad that now is not the year 1942._

I see the distribution of unchecked rumors and untruths, intended to discredit a Polish Jew, as part of a bad tradition of the period from March 1968 (expatriation of thousands of Jews in Poland). The lack of objective processing of the topic by the press, gives rise to the worst pattern of the Stalin era. And all to boost the sales! _
I find the assertion in the book that I - (Andrzej) Szpilman, with (Roman) Polanski, formed a gang for the murder of Wiera Gran awful and criminal. My relationship with Roman Polanski was limited to activities associated with the film "The Pianist"._

Andrzej Szpilman
_________________
_ _ army counter-intelligence reports. "(...) Reports on Wiera Gran are seven.

All are of the first of January to the last September 1943 .(...)
"None of these documents were known during her trial the court and to the Social Committee ..." (S.378 - Tuszynska) -

Here are two:

1) _ 01/09/1943 _ "Jewess, before the war, a cabaret dancer, now leads an office of the confidants of the Gestapo, who are occupied mainly hunting for Jews, “mopping up in the first row”.
This message comes from two different sources, among others from the ghetto and the environment Staszauer-Fichna. "_

2) _ _ 6.4.43. . Warning (...) Gestapo agents in the cafe on the corner Koszykowa Auguststr and 6, at the meeting place of the members of the gang of Skosowski in addition to the people who come here already: Also: Fokszanski, Mirecki, Clondau, Green Wira. Also Jews from the circles around the cabaret and art_ _are coming”



Erklärung von Wladyslaw Szpilman zu Wiera Gran vom 12.1.1981 (in Polnisch)

Notatka do wiadomosci Pana Jozefa Barskiego (p.o. dyrektora Zydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego)

Przeczytalem ksiazke Wiery Gran pt. Sztafeta Oszczercow wydana nakladem autorki w Paryzu w 1980 roku. W zwiazku z nieprawdziwymi danymi podawanymi przez autorke i insynuacjami obrazajacymi moja godnosc pragne sprostowac:

(S.20) Nigdy nie bylem akompaniatorem Wiery Gran. Od zamkniecia getta wystepowalem w kawiarni "Nowoczesna", pozniej zas przenioslem sie do kawiarni przy ul Siennej 16, gdzie wystepowalem jako solista. W polowie 1941 roku wspolwlasciciele kawiarni "Sztuka" PP.Gurowicz i Wajnkrancowa zwrocili sie do mnie z propozycja wystepow pianistycznych w tym lokalu. Gral tam w tym czasie i akompaniowal Wierze Gran Adolf Goldfeder. Z nim tez, majac na celu wzbudzenie zainteresowania u publicznosci, stworzylem duet fortepianowy. Zas Wierze Gran od tego momentu akompaniowala wylacznie p. Prusicka.

Od 1935 roku bylem etatowym pianista Polskiego Radia w Warszawie i nie pamietam, aby kiedykolwiek Wiera Gran tam wystepowala. Poznalem ja dopiero w czasie wojny w kawiarni "Sztuka".

Chcac zwiekszyc zainteresowanie stalej publicznosci bywajacej w kawiarni "Sztuka" programem artystycznym, skompoowalem wariacje na temat walca z "Casanowy" Rozyckiego, na glos i 2 fortepiany do tekstu pt. "Jej pierwszy bal". Utwor ten wykonywalismy z Goldfederem na dwoch fortepianach, a spiewala Wiera Gran.

(S.20) Kontaktow z p. Wentland nie mialem poza tym, ze kilkakrotnie z nia, jak tez z innymi ludzmi bywajacymi w "Sztuce" pilem kawe przy wspolnym stoliku w przerwach miedzy wystepami. Wiedzialem o niej, ze jest przyjaciolka syna owczesnego wiceprezesa gminy - Lichtenbauba, nic nie wiedzialem o zarzucanych jej przez Wiere Gran kontaktach z gestapo.

(S.21) Inicjatorami poranka artystycznego na rzecz swietnego pianisty Leona Borunskiego byli Jurandot, Goldfeder i ja. W koncercie tym bralo udzial wielu ludzi m.in. Wiera Gran.

(S24) Szczegolnie dla mnie bolesne sa klamliwe informacje na temat moich stosunkow rodzinnych. W roku 1935 gdy tylko dostalem posade w radio kupilem dla mojej rodziny mieszkanie. Wtedy tez po przeprowadzce do Warszawy Rodzicow i Rodzenstwa zamieszkalismy razem. Poniewaz Ojciec moj pozostawal bez pracy, utrzymywalem wtedy cala rodzine z mojej radiowej pensji. Mieszkalismy razem az do tragicznego konca ich zycia, do dnia 16.8.1942 roku.

(S.34) Znany jest fakt wspoludzialu policjantow zydowskich w akcja unicestwiania Zydow w obozach zaglady. Sa to zbrodnie scigane przez Komisje Badania Zbrodni Hitlerowskich. Zeznawalem kilkakrotnie przeciw takim ludziomw okresie powojennym. W zwiazku z tym nalezaloby Wiere Gran przesluchac jako swiadka w celu ujawnienia nazwiska pianisty, ktorego widziala 2.8.1942 roku w czasie akcji wywozenia ludzi z getta w niewiadomym wowczas kierunku.

W 1945 roku do mnie jako kierownika Redakcji Muzycznej Polskiego Radia zglosila sie Wiera Gran. Na jej wystepy przed mikrofonem nie uzyskalem zgody dyrekcji Polskiego Radia, o czym poinformowal mnie mjr. Nadin - owczesny dyrektor Polskiego Radia.

(S.61) Gran sugeruje, ze czerpalem korzysci materialne z jej wystepow radiowych, co nie moze byc prawda, gdyz wowczas bylem etatowym urzednikiem tej instytucji. W ramach moich obowiazkow lezala organizacja audycji, zas obsada wykonawcza z pewnoscia nie mogla mie wplywu na jakiekolwiek wynagrodzenie otrzymywane przeze mnie w instytucji panstwowej, jaka stanowilo radio.

Jezeli pozostale informacje zawarte w ksiazce Wieran sa rowniez tak klamliwe, jak te dotyczace mojej osoby, moge tylko stwierdzic, ze jest to skandalichny paszkwil napisany przez osobe zdolna do wszystkiego.

Wladyslaw Szpilman,

Warszawa, 12.1.1981

PS. Mojej uwadze uszly rowniez nastepujace fragmenty z w/w ksiazki.

(S.25) Autorka wykorzystala bezprawnie cytat z mojej ksiazki pt: "Smierc Miasta" ze str. 45, osiagajac przez niepelne jego przedrukowanie calkowita zmiane tresci i sensu zawartych w nim slow. Moga one byc obecnie interpretowane w sposob dla mnie krzywdzacy.

(S.61) Wiera Gran podaje tu falszywe informacje na temat moich powojennych kontaktow z Andrzejem i Janina Boguckimi. Do chwili obecnej bowiem pozostaje w duzej przyjazni z Janina Bogucka, zas z jej mezem Andrzejem Boguckim utrzymywalem przyjazn do ostatnich dni jego zycia tzn. do roku 1978.

(S.62) Gran stwierdza, ze skladalem zeznania w jej sprawie w Urzedzie Bezpieczenstwa co jest nie prawda. Bylem swiadkiem w jej sprawie tylko przed Zydowskim Sadem Obywatelskim.

(Wladyslaw Szpilman)